Galileo and the Church
Real issue is one of “Authority”, not Astronomy
Controversy takes place in the context of the Protestant
Reformation and the 30 Years War (between Catholic and
Council of Trent (1546) has rejected right of personal interpretation of the Bible
Panel of 11 theologians (lower level group) has decided that the bible favors the
Aristotelian description of the Universe
Kepler is a German Protestant
Galileo “privately” prohibited from debating Copernican vs.
Aristotelian model – but Siderial Messenger not suppressed.
Galileo meets with new Pope Urban VIII (friend of Galileo) who
doesn’t lift prohibition, but seems to encourage him.
Galileo publishes the “Dialog Concerning the Two Chief World