Slide 1

Hubble Vital Statistics
HST is in Low Earth Orbit (~600 km)
Primary is 2.4 meters
Launched in 1990
Regularly serviced
Cost ~$2+ billion
Suite of changing instruments

Hubble to Astronomers
Despite the cost, evaluated as most science per dollar.
Time Allocated by Orbit
Last year, 26000 orbits requested by > 1100 proposals, 5300 orbits approved (250 approved)
Cosmology and galaxies usually the big winners.

Hubble’s Uncertain Future
Jan. 2004, NASA Director Sean O’Keefe announced it was too dangerous to service HST with a shuttle mission (no aborts).
Without regular service, HST will fail
Gyroscopes & Orbital Decay
Service also provides upgrades
Computers!  Solar panels, etc.
Instruments!  STIS just failed.
Waiting on the “Next Generation” Space Telescope (NGST) renamed the James Webb Telescope

The Hubble Law

Slide 6

The Hubble Law using galaxies with visible Cepheid variables.

“Tuning Fork” Diagram

M51:  The Whirlpool Galaxy

Interacting Galaxies: The Antennae

Interacting Galaxies: Cartwheel

Interacting Galaxies: Cartwheel

Active Galactic Nuclei:  AGNs
A small fraction of galaxies have extremely bright “unresolved” star-like cores (active nuclei)
Shown here is an HST image of NGC 7742, a so-called “Seyfert galaxy” after Carl Seyfert who did pioneering work in the 1940s

Slide 14

Spatially Resolved Spectroscopy from Space Shows BH Signatures
HST STIS shows evidence for a super massive black hole in M84 based on spatially resolved gas dynamics (Bower et al 1997).

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The Hubble Deep Field

The Hubble Deep Field

Eagle Nebula

Orion Nebula

Orion Nebula

Protostellar Disks

Simple Planetary Nebula
IC 3568   from the Hubble Space Telescope

Complicated P-N in a Binary System
M2-9 (from the Hubble Space Telescope)

A Gallery of P-N from Hubble

Crab Nebula Movie

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V838 Light Echo: The Movie

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A Shameless Plug to Display during Q&A…